Taxila is a historical city located in Rawalpindi District, Punjab, Pakistan. Which has its roots from the Gandhara period. era, it was considered an important Buddhist and Hindu center. It is said that Alexander the Great captured this city in 326 BC and stayed here for five days.
The Greek ruler Demetrius I of Bactria conquered the Gandhara region in 190 BC and made Taxila their capital. Even during the era of Maharaja Ashoka, this city was at its peak and was the center of Buddhist learning.
In the 7th century AD, the famous Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang (Xuanzang) came here. He has mentioned the greatness of this city in his travelogue.
There is a museum, which houses Gandhara art pieces from the 5th century BC, ten thousand coins, jewelry, utensils, and other artifacts. Most of the city’s sites were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1980.